// Reconstructionist Judaism: The Movement’s History, Beliefs, and Practices

Reconstructionist Judaism is a Jewish movement based on the concepts developed by Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan (1881–1983) that views Judaism as a progressively evolving civilization rather than just a religion. The movement originated as a semi-organized stream within Conservative Judaism, developed between the late 1920s and the 1940s, before seceding in 1955 and establishing a rabbinical…

// Rafael Halperin: Bodybuilder, Professional Wrestler, and Orthodox Rabbi

It’s hard to believe, but there was a Jewish-Israeli professional wrestler and bodybuilder who later became an ordained Orthodox rabbi. Rafael Halperin (1924-2011) also excelled at weightlifting and karate. He entered competitions and became the Israeli national champion in karate, boxing, and bodybuilding. (In 1950, Halperin organized Israel’s first “Mr. Israel” bodybuilders competition.) Finally, he…